Most of our Earth is covered by oceans! That is a LOT of water. There are 5 main oceans, the Pacific, Indian, Atlantic, Arctic, and Southern. Review the image below and count the oceans together. Point to where you are right now in order to give the kids a little perspective. Also point out the land and the sea.
Ocean water contains salt, so it is harmful to your body to drink it. Many very special animals live in the ocean. Some breathe air, like us, and some "breathe" under water. There are also many special plants that live in the ocean. We are going to learn about some of these animals and plants during our lessons this week.
LETTER: W w for Water or Whale
Talk about the letter W. Pronounce some words that begin with W such as Water, Waves, Whale, Walrus, etc.
Trace the letter on the page with fingers then with a crayon. Color the Whale picture.
ReadingBear: learn the short u sounds - http://www.readingbear.org/
Starfall: work on ug sounds - http://www.starfall.com/n/level-a/learn-to-read/load.htm?f
Our fun reading activity this week will use more fishy forms. Again, make them paper, foam, felt, whatever! Make 1 fish with ug on it. Then make fish with B, D, H, J, M, R, and T on them. As with the past activities, pronounce ug together. Show them how to sound it out. Then place the B fish in front of the ug fish. See if they can read that! B-ug. Keep changing out the letters and form and read all of the words!
(there are phonetic fish out there that you can buy, if that works better for you!)
Difference Between Salt & Fresh Water
You can make your own sea water for this activity. Use bottled water and add sea salt (much better than table salt). The ratio is 1-2 cups per gallon. Real sea water has many trace elements in it that you will not match with this recipe, but it will work for this activity.
Place the sea water in a bucket. Also provide a bucket of fresh water.
Allow the children to dip their fingers in the fresh water and taste it. Tastes like the water they drink every day, right? Next allow them to try again with the sea water. It tastes much different, doesn't it? For those who have been to the beach recently, they may recognize the taste.
You will need a fresh egg for this test. Place the egg in the fresh water. It should sink to the bottom of the bucket. Now place the same egg into the sea water. It will float! Sea water has salt in it which allows objects to float more easily. Again, those who have been to the beach may have noticed that they did float better in the water, rather than in a regular swimming pool.
Place some of the fresh water in a smaller container and do the same with some of the sea water. We want this to freeze pretty quickly (or not freeze!) so they will see results fast! Check back in an hour or so to see what has happened. They will find that the fresh water has frozen but the sea water is very cold, but not totally frozen. The salt in the sea water keeps it from freezing as quickly.
DISCUSSION & GAME
Animals and Plants in the Ocean
Print the Ocean Animals and Plants flashcards HERE and cut out. Review these with the kids. Talk about the many different animals they are looking at and ask if they can see some things that make them all the same. What kinds of things make them different from animals on the land? In the discussion, talk about which ones breathe air and which ones breathe under water. Separate the cards into the 2 piles.